Tuesday, May 26, 2020

If You Read Nothing Else Today, Read This Report on Photography Essay Samples

If You Read Nothing Else Today, Read This Report on Photography Essay Samples What to Do About Photography Essay Samples If you believe a photo essay is something which you may want to try, here are a couple of ideas to hopefully get you going. It is possible to use anything to tell a great story. A project is something to help you become from a photographic slump, doing the very same thing over and over again. You have to give them a feeling of where they're going, an image that permits them to understand the remaining part of the story in a geographic context. What You Should Do to Find Out About Photography Essay Samples Before You're Left Behind There have been a number of incidences previously where photographs are faked or misinterpreted creating havoc situation. Your about page should incorporate the region where you work. You could also incorporate just a little info here that might endear you to your intended audience. Naturally, you need to carefully choose every shot. The expense of the photography transaction If you're already aware on how best to make an event planning service proposal, then perhaps it is already the time to understand how to create other types of proposals like a photography proposal. To make certain it is a strong personal statement, our professional team will write your own personal statement in accordance with your requirements. If you wish to find high high quality research and thesis papers in time and for an affordable price, you should probably try out using EssaySupply.com. Since it's a creative program, you will need to turn in a portfolio of your work, in addition to a creative photography personal statement. Facts, Fiction and Photography Essay Samples A photograph isn't merely a mere representation of that which we see in reality in image form but, there's more meaning than that which is seen by a naked eye. If you're readily available to travel the planet, say so. 1 core concept of photography in nature is the fact that it establishes a relation to the world or nature. In addition to representing reality, it is also important in other areas of human life. Examine the Eiffel Tower, and what number of photographs are taken of it. Sometimes they can also create a hyper-reality which exaggerates the reality and thus cannot be the truth. Landscape photographs not only convey the simple part of earth scenery, but in addition they appreciate nature. For example, a photograph of a lovely beach is not going to demonstrate the litter present behind the camera. How to Get Started with Photography Essay Samples? At this point you have a group of individuals sharing and liking your images. You are able to take shots in your style and create your own photo essay. The very first images are always likely to be the hardest to take, but as soon as you pick up speed, you'll have images to show and persuade the next group. The single images comprise the whole. The Characteristics o f Photography Essay Samples The same is true with photographers. In earlier times you had to be quite patient as a digital photographer. Photographers are always on the go, so don't expect to get a monotonous job. Professional photographers become involved in all of the pursuit that's provided in these points. Usually, you can begin with 10 shots. Pictures and photos are two sorts of visual art competing today. Out of the many kinds of essays, photo essays are the absolute most illustrious. It is very important to define the variety of pictures we are eager to present on our final essay. If you're on the lookout for a project that doesn't need to drag on for too long, a photo essay could possibly be perfect for you. Shot planning Before selecting from the a variety of photo essay topics you have to plan the shots that are required to be taken for the essay. It is dependent on requirements to a specific essay or your own selection. If you're assigned a specific topic, think about the strategies to develop it. If you are searching for assistance with your essay then we provide a comprehensive writing service offered by fully qualified academics in your area of study. Every student would like to beat the remainder of the competition to collect best photos and use them in their essay. Below you'll discover some of the most eye-catching photographs we ran on the website in the previous year. Last, the detail of true speech makes the scene pop. The topic may supply you with freedom. If you like you may look online and find one which you like.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Compare And Contrast Christianity And Buddhism - 1265 Words

Christianity, the religion that originated by their savior Jesus Christ, died for the salvation of all humanity. Buddhism, the religion that was founded by Siddhartha Gautama, was a privileged man that gave up worldly possessions and material wealth to reach a state of Enlightenment. These two religions are followed by millions of people to this day. Although very different, they do share some similarities with each other, as well as having their own unique characteristics that continue to bring more people to their religion. Christianity and Buddhism, are two very different religions, that have their own way of worship, beliefs, scriptures, and so on. Although the main aspects of the religions are different, they share the same†¦show more content†¦Buddhism, founded by Siddhartha Gautama, is one of the world’s oldest and influential religions that has spread throughout all of Asia. Siddhartha was born in 563 BCE in a place called Lumbini, which was near the Him alayan foothills. From here, just as Jesus did, he would create the religion that would be modeled off his life experiences to help the lives of those that believed in his teaching. Siddhartha was born into a royal family, warrior son of a king and queen. At birth, it was predicted that he would become a renouncer, so his father wanting to prevent this, provided him with luxuries to prevent him from experiencing the suffering of the world. At around 20 years old, he decided to explore the world, as he left the only world he knew. Siddhartha, â€Å"went on a series of four chariot rides where he first saw the more severe forms of human suffering: old age, illness, and death (a corpse), as well as an ascetic renouncer. The contrast between his life and this human suffering made him realize that all the pleasures on Earth where in fact transitory, and could only mask human suffering.† (Asia Society) He left his home, family, and all his privileges. This trip was called th e Great Going Fourth. He first began practicing austerity, which is living on as little food, drink, and sleep as possible. But that eventually led him to a path of moderation between theShow MoreRelatedCompare And Contrast Buddhism And Christianity1729 Words   |  7 Pagesreligious traditions such as Buddhism and Christianity. Buddhism and Christianity are two different religions but both of them are interrelated. Both religions have hope of life after death, hope of reincarnation of Buddhists, eternal life of Christians, but live consciously. Both Buddhism and Christianity were founded by spiritual leaders and masters who tried to prove a way of salvation. Based on religious writings, this paper explores the way Buddhism and Christianity are different and in what waysRead MoreCompare and Contrast Buddhism and Christianity1311 Words   |  6 Pagesafterlife, and then further developed into tribal religions, which evolved into ancestral worship, then to polytheism, and lastly i nto monotheism. Monotheism in the form of Christianity is the largest religion of the modern world, and it has similar beliefs to other world religions such as Buddhism. Christianity and Buddhism are similar because both religions teach about the equality of people and that making good choices reflects the positive teachings of that religion. They are also similar inRead MoreAP World History Compare and Contrast: The Spread of Christianity and Buddhism in the End of the Classical Period.909 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Compare and Contrast: The Spread of Christianity and Buddhism in the End of the Classical Period. World History AP Christianity and Buddhism are two different religions that developed and spread contemporaneously in during the Classical Period different territories. Both of them share some similarities as well as differences. Both of these religions were founded based upon different principles taught by different people; in Buddhism’s case Gautama Buddha a thinker and in Christianity’sRead MoreChristianity vs Buddhism923 Words   |  4 Pagesreligions do—they all contain truths,† said by Muhammad Ali. Religion is the belief and reverence for a supernatural power and powers regarded as creator and governor of the universe (2003). The religions I’ve chose to compare and contrast would be non denomination/ Christianity and Buddhism. Each religion would be broken down by their religious belief, religious ritual, and religious experience. The definition of these religious things are: religious belief is a statement to which members of a particularRead MoreSimilaritie s Between Buddhism and Christianity814 Words   |  4 Pagesdetrimental influences of cultural globalization. It is generally acknowledged that Buddhism and Christianity are ancient and global religions; however, whether the belief in Buddhism is credible or not, has sparked spirited debate. The Christian believes the Buddha is a â€Å"shadow†, and he is not to be believed. Actually, there are some similarities in terms of histories, main figures, and beliefs between Buddhism and Christianity. In order to solve sources of conflict, the Buddhists and the Christians shouldRead MoreSimilarities Between Christianity And Buddhism807 Words   |  4 Pagesaspect its best to compare religions to determine which views are acceptable and which ones are not suitable by specific preferences. The following is a comparison between Christianity and Buddhism. Buddhism and Christianity are both religions that have a substantial history and millions of dedicated followers throughout the world. In some ways, the two religions are similar, being based largely on the teachings of a single man; Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha in the case of Buddhism, and The Lord JesusRead MoreCompare and Contrast Judaism and Buddhism Essay647 Words   |  3 PagesCompare and Contrast Judaism and Buddhism One of the most early religions are Judaism and Buddhism. Both Judaism and Buddhism have lots of differences beliefs and practices and only few similarities. Judaism was started in 2000 B.C.E, led by Abraham. Buddhism was started in 560 B.C.E, by Siddhartha Gautama. Both religions have different point of view. Buddhism don’t believe in deity and Judaism believe in deity. Buddhism are just followers of Gautama and Judaism believe in Yahweh (the GodRead MoreWorld Religions: Comparative Discussions1010 Words   |  4 PagesWorld Religions: Comparative Discussions 1.Compare and contrast Hinduism and Buddhism on the question of atman. What does each tradition have to say about whether a human being has an individual soul? What is the significance of this soul (or lack thereof) in each tradition? The concept of the self is critical to a great many religious traditions. Understanding ones own individual position within the context of the universe helps to drive ones relationship to the divine, to the pedestrian andRead MoreJesus The Christ And Gautama The Buddha1400 Words   |  6 Pagesthe Christ and Gautama the Buddha In this paper, I want to compare and contrast Buddha and Christ, the two personalities that have significantly influenced human history: one of the eastern hemisphere and the other the western hemisphere of earth. Both Buddha and the Christ have millions of followers. Not only are their teachings of huge interest separately, but also is there growing interest in how they relate to each other. In Christianity, there is an all-loving, all-power God. He designed a worldRead MoreHealth Care Provider And Faith Diversity1530 Words   |  7 Pageshigher power remains the same. Furthermore, being able to compare two prevalent cultures such as Christianity and Buddhism, shows that faith is prevent along with the rituals that go along with them. However, for many, taking care of someone with a different religious preference can be difficult at times, the basic underlying concepts of health, healing, and kindness remain the same. This paper will address the different worldview questions, compare the different beliefs, spiritual perspectives, critical

Friday, May 15, 2020

An IEP - Definitions and Important Information

The Individual Education Program/Plan (IEP) Simply put, an IEP is a written plan that will describe the program(s) and special services the student requires to be successful. It is a plan that ensures that proper programming is in place to help the student with special needs to be successful at school. It is a working document that will be modified usually each term based on the ongoing needs of the student. The IEP is developed collaboratively by school staff and parents as well as medical staff if appropriate. An IEP will focus on social, academic and independence needs (daily living) depending on the area of need. It may have one or all three components addressed. School teams and parents usually decide who needs an IEP. Usually testing/assessment is done to support the need for an IEP, unless medical conditions are involved. An IEP must be in place for any student who has been identified as having special needs by an Identification, Placement, and Review Committee (IPRC) which is made up of school team members. In some jurisdictions, there are IEPs in place for students who are not working at grade level or have special needs but have not yet gone through the IPRC process. IEPs will vary depending on the educational jurisdiction. However, IEPs will describe specifically the special education program and/or the services necessary for a student with special needs. The IEP will identify the curricular areas that will need to be modified or it will state whether the child requires an alternative curriculum which is often the case for students with severe autism, severe developmental needs or cerebral palsy etc. It will also identify the accommod ations and or any special educational services the child may need to reach their full potential. It will contain measurable goals for the student. Some examples of services or support in the IEP could include: Curriculum a grade or two behindLess of the Curriculum (a modification.) Assistive Technology such as text to speech or speech to textA specialized laptop with specific software applications or switches to support the special needsBrailleFM SystemsPrint EnlargersSitting, standing, walking devices/equipmentAugmentative communicationStrategies, accommodations and any resources neededTeacher Aid Assistance Again, the plan is individualized and rarely will any 2 plans be the same. An IEP is NOT a set of lessons plans or daily plans. The IEP differs from regular classroom instruction and assessment in varying amounts. Some IEPs will state that a specialized placement is required while others will just state the accommodations and modifications that will occur in the regular classroom. IEPs will usually contain: an overview of the Student’s strengths and areas of need;the current level of the student’s functioning or achievement;annual goals written very specifically for the student;an overview of the program and services that the student will receive;an overview of the methods to determine progress and to monitor progress;assessment dataname, age, exceptionality or medical conditionstransitional plans (for older students) Parents are always involved in the development of the IEP, they play a key role and will sign the IEP. Most jurisdictions will require that the IEP be completed within 30 school days after the pupil has been placed in the program, however, its important to check into special education services in your own jurisdiction to be certain of the specific details. The IEP is a working document and when change is needed, the IEP will be revised. The principal is ultimately responsible to ensure that the IEP is being implemented. Parents are encouraged to work with teachers to ensure their childs needs are being met both at home and at school.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Examples Of Security Policy - 1172 Words

A well written and understood security policy is key to protecting an organization from security breaches or pit falls associated with DDos , malware and virus attacks. During 2016 DDoS or distributed denial of service attacks were up by 71% and most used an attack incorporating botnet malware. Botnets are used to send email spam and engage in click fraud attacks and generate malicious traffic for DDoS attacks. These attacks can not only slow down an organizations network traffic, but can cost a company massive amounts of loss in capitol. A well-constructed security policy is the basis and structure to help create a comprehensive security program for any organization. Some key areas that need to be developed for a good security policy†¦show more content†¦It’s also key to remember the policy is designed to support the organization and not the other way around. The need for a comprehensive Security policy outweighs its cost for average size companies. According to an article from Inc.com company’s loss $400 billion a year from hackers and companies will spend at least $170 billion on cybersecurity by 2020. These numbers are staggering and a major cyber breach on an organization can do costly and sometime irreparable damage. Not only does a breach financially impact an organization, the public image of a company can be tarnished by an attack. The 2013 data breach of Target cost the company $ 10 million dollars to settle with effected customers and tarnished the company’s ability to make sales during the holiday shopping period when it occurred. The settlement required Target to improve its data security, appoint a chief information security officer and reimburse the 40 million customers affected by the breach. If this story alone is not an incentive for an organization to develop a comprehensive security policy there are m any more examples that can be presented. It is human nature to say, â€Å"it will never happen to me†, but when you organization is responsible to customers data and privacy, a company has a not only legal responsibility but also an ethical one. Elements of an effective security policy that an organizationShow MoreRelatedGeneral Security Policy Essay examples4710 Words   |  19 PagesInformation Security Policy I. POLICY A. It is the policy of ORGANIZATION XYZ that information, as defined hereinafter, in all its forms--written, spoken, recorded electronically or printed--will be protected from accidental or intentional unauthorized modification, destruction or disclosure throughout its life cycle. This protection includes an appropriate level of security over the equipment and software used to process, store, and transmit that information. B. All policies andRead MoreBusiness Continuity Planning And Disaster Recovery1359 Words   |  6 Pagesall servers to off site location. Another solution is identifying business critical services and keep more focus on those services. Because when the scope grows, the complexity and cost of maintaining the availability of the system also grows. For example, at malls when electronic payment system is down, a backup plan is a second credit card system, process credit card manually until the main system come back online. Disaster Recovery (DR) is a more proactive plan that provides steps to recover fromRead MoreCybersecurity-Case Study869 Words   |  4 Pagesinformation security experts in IT thinking seriously about finding right strategies to apply the cybersecurity in order to protect networks, PCs and information from hacking, steal passwords, vandalism or unauthorized access by hackers, crackers and Social engineering. These strategies include applying cybersecurity polices.in fact, issuing cybersecurity polices are only the first step however, applying cybersecurity polices is the core step to minimize of risks, so cybersecurity policies have someRead MoreThe Importance Of Having An Effective It Security Policy1150 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction The importance of having an effective IT security policy in place cannot be overlooked. This is especially true for state governments and the agencies that fall under them. The purpose of this document is to protect both the physical equipment and the data stored on that hardware from loss, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized access (Bowden, 2003). These include protecting the systems from other nations, or hacktivists that attempt to exploit the state s system. In doing soRead MoreA Plan For Reactive And Proactive Security Planning1173 Words   |  5 Pages Policy Implementation Student : Andre Ealy Instructor : Steve Powelson University of Phoenix CMGT / 582 June 29, 2015 Security Planning After assessing the risk invovled with the organization infrastructure. The next step is security planning which involves developing controls and policies with techniques to help with security. The security strategies will define a plan for reactive and proactive security planning. The planning is developed to protect the company assets. ReactivlyRead MoreBased On The Study Of Various Security Models Of Cloud1030 Words   |  5 Pagesthe study of various security models of cloud computing we have proposed a new security model of cloud computing the steps in the proposed security model are: first the user creates a local user agent, and establish a temporary security certificate, and then user agents use this certificate for secure authentication in an effective time. With this certificate, which includes the host name, user name, user id, start time, end time and security attributes etc; the user’s security access and authorizationRead MoreImplementation Of The Planwise A u Information Security Policy824 Words   |  4 PagesPlanwise AU Information Security Policy is to ensure we maintain the confidentiality, integrity and availability our information, including customer information. This is because our information that can be accessed by employees, contractors, external parties and customers must be protected from inappropriate use, modification, loss or disclosure. This policy is guided by the ISO/IEC 27002:2013 Information technology - Security techniques -Code of practice for information security controls and sets outRead MoreRelationship Between Info Sec And Cia Model1437 Words   |  6 PagesConfidentiality with Policy, Technology and Education. Two examples with how confidentiality is lost with policy and technology on Storage/Processing/Transmission aspects. The practice of defending digital information from unauthorized Access, Use, Recording, Disruption, Modification and Destruction is Information Security. There comes a question as to how do we start building or evaluating a security system. The answer is CNSS model or McCumbers cube (Committee on National Security Systems). The cubeRead MoreThe Effects Of Wages On Employee Turnover And Quality Of Care844 Words   |  4 PagesOn August 1st, 2004 a computer system at UC Berkeley being used by a visiting economics professor, Candace Howes, was hacked through known security vulnerability (Poulsen, 2004). A database on the comprised system contained names, phone numbers, addresses and social security numbers of everyone that provides or received care through the California s In-Home Supportive Services program, around 1.4 million records (Poulsen, 2004). Howes received the database from California s Department of HealthRead MoreComputer Crimes And Its Effect On Our Individual Privacy1377 Words   |  6 Pagesvictim intentionally. Basically, computers are used in several different roles of criminal activity and it affects our individual privacy. For example, criminals normally target computer networks or devices such as computer viruses identify theft, scams, terrorism, and copyright infringement. Today, the three of most common computer crimes are information security systems, social networking and copyright infringement. Unfortunately, the internet has impacted upon criminal and/or harmful activity in three

High School And College On The Horizon - 923 Words

For many their years of adolescence is a time of growth, learning, and life experience in which a teenager comes to better know himself. Nearing the end of high school and college on the horizon, one must become aware of his personality, strong suits, and weaknesses to better develop himself into a virtuous man. He must grow in many ways both physically and spiritually before becoming able and ultimately being an independent man. Acknowledging this growth of adolescence, Jesuit High School has developed a profile that a Jesuit graduate should display at the time of graduation. I believe that through my high school years I have best grown in my intellectual competence and my commitment to doing justice. Since coming to Jesuit in eighth grade, I have excelled intellectually in many ways both in and out of the classroom. One of Jesuit’s main objectives is to insure that every graduate has mastered those academic subjects required for success in college. I am on my way to fulfilling this objective, for example, by having achieved a 1310 score on the PSAT, a test on the basic knowledge one has in regard to subjects related to college readiness. This score, which positioned me in the 97th percentile of test takers, shows that I am on track for being a top tier college applicant. I have also began to become more aware of my cultural heritage and cultural heritage of others. For instance, last year I visited Croatia, which my grandparents moved to the United States from, and wasShow MoreRelatedThe Importance of Going to College765 Words   |  3 Pagesat college? Will a man be brilliant if he is a studying machine? Will your mother be satisfied with you if you cannot even take care of yourself? As science and technology develops, more and more students choose to go to college instead of working after they graduate from high school. Their parents are strongly for this in that they can command more skills, or else they will be in a lower status in the society full of competition. Some may ask why we should go to college. FromRead MoreThe Transition Of High School Essay1419 Words   |  6 Pagestransition from high school to college is a dynamic time in one’s life that parallels the change from childhood to adulthood. Both of these changes are dramatic and, as a result, feelings are difficult to put down into words. A messy combination of emotions fills the heart, surfacing in strange ways. Confident high school seniors go right back to the bottom of the chain when entering college as freshmen. These students start all over, just like entering grade school or high school for the first timeRead MoreApplication Letter For Mba Degree Program1243 Words   |  5 PagesUniversity Canada West, Vancouver, British Columbia. As far as my profile is concerned, I accomplished my first milestone of school (school leaving certificate) from New Horizon Higher Secondary School achieving 75.75% and joined Science stream in New Horizon College Butwal, Nepal and secured 52% aggregate in 10+2. I completed my Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from PSNA college of engineering and technology which is affiliated to Anna University Chennai, India in 2015 with CGPA of 7.1 out ofRead MoreEmployment And Training : Strategic Plan1469 Words   |  6 Pagesmeans they have a relatively poor employment competitiveness in labour market. It goes without saying that high unemployment rate tends to be associated with high criminal rate, public security and also a key indicator on community development. Hence, increasing the educational level and employment competitiveness is a priority for Broadmeadows residents. In accordance with Hume Horizon 2040, which refers to make Broadmeadows a well educated and employed community, this strategic plan will raiseRead MoreExtracurricular Activities Essay1264 Words   |  6 Pagesand how these activities produce miraculous outcomes and can be the foundation for the academic excellence of a student. Taxes are so high in our country, and many schools have cut after school programs because of budget expenses, which students will benefit immensely from ECAs throughout their lives because it raises the graduation rate, broadens student’s horizons, as they learn valuable skills like commitment, while teaching them to be socially productive people. Every student deserves the chanceRead More Educational Technology Essay1697 Words   |  7 PagesEducation is probably the most important thing in life that someone can obtain. There are many levels of education. These levels begin at Kindergarten and Pre-K and continue on through grade school, junior high school, high school, and undergraduate colleges if so chosen. Then the possibility of graduate school is in the interest of some student and is required for better pay and even in some career fields. Education has undergone many changes over the past 2 decades at all levels. Many of the changesRead MoreCase Review : The New Horizon Academy In Saint Michael945 Words   |  4 PagesThe New Horizon Academy in Saint Michael collaborates every December with Toys for Tots to raise money for children in need in the community (K. Hillyard, Personal Communication, September 18, 2017). In addition, the Saint Michael location collaborates with the Saint Michael-Albertville school district to provide special education services to children that may need these services (K. Hillyard, Personal Communication, September 18, 2017). The New Horizon Academy in Saint Michael also collaboratesRead MoreA Research Study About The Stereotype Threat Effect On African- American College Students833 Words   |  4 PagesFurthermore, sports can serve as a tool to build and boost confidence. In a research study about the stereotype threat effect on African- American college students it showed that students ei ther respond to the stereotype threat with a performance reduction or with disidentification and concentration on activities in which they are already successful (Aronson, Fried, Good, 2000). Based on the findings of DeMeulenaere’s study on four individuals over a timespan of two years, students tend to be moreRead MoreThe World Of Small Business1192 Words   |  5 Pagesopportunity. He quit his day job to found Horizon Interactive, a documentation and training company. In fact, Horizon Interactive became a vendor for DEC. Over the next few years, Steve and his partners executed the business plan. The business grew to over $3 million in annual sales and opened offices in several states. Horizon Interactive s success drew the attention of Interleaf, a publicly held company out of Massachusetts. In 1999, Interleaf acquired Horizon Interactive. As part of the acquisitionRead MoreI Am A City Girl At Heart923 Words   |  4 PagesQuestion Topics: â€Å"What will be my major in college and what influenced my choice of this major?† and â€Å"What community service organizations have I been involved with and why did I choose those organizations?† Although I am a city girl at heart, I found my niche in agriculture at a very young age, when I was in middle school to be exact. When many students were taking elective courses in band, art, dance, or drama, I chose to enroll in agricultural education courses, which consisted of learning about

Lightning Argumentative Essay Example For Students

Lightning Argumentative Essay Lightning, the thunderbolt from mythology, has long been feared as an atmospheric flash of supernatural origins. In the East, early statues of Buddha show him carrying a thunderbolt with arrows at each end. Indian tribes in North America believed that lightning was due to the flashing feathers of a mystical whose flapping wings produced the sound of thunder. Today, scientific rather than mystical techniques are used to explain lightning with experimental procedures replacing intuitive concepts. Yet, we remain in awe of lightning which still shines with its mystery, and rightly so. Each year, lightning is responsible for the deaths of a hundred or so people, injuries to several hundred more, and millions of dollars in property damage, in the United States alone. It is difficult to obtain accurate statistics on lightning injuries and fatalities since a systematic compilation of information on lightning casualties does not exist. Many case histories show heart damage. Inflated lungs a nd brain damage have also been observed from lightning fatalities. Loss of consciousness, amnesia, paralysis and burns are reported by many who have survived. Deaths and injuries to livestock and other animals, thousands of forest and brush fires, as well as millions of dollars in damage to buildings, communications systems, power lines, and electrical systems are also the result of lightning. Finally, the threat of lightning causes many work stoppages and lost production increasing the time and cost required toprepare NASA spacecraft for flight. Benjamin Franklin performed the first systematic, scientific study of lightning during the second half of the 18th century. Prior to that time, electrical science had developed to the point where positive and negative charges could be separated. Electrical machines could, by rubbing together two different materials, store the charges in primitive capacitors called Leyden Jars from which sparks could be generated and observed. While others had previously noted the similarity between laboratory sparks and lightning, Franklin was the first to design an experiment which conclusively proved the electrical nature of lightning. In his experiment, he theorized that clouds are electrically charged, from which it follows that lightning must also be electrical. The experiment involved Franklin standing on an electrical stand, holding an iron rod with one hand to obtain an electrical discharge between the other hand and the ground. If the clouds were electrically charged then sparks would jump between the iron rod and a grounded wire, in this case, held by an insulating wax candle. This experiment was successfully performed by Thomas Francois DAlibard of France in May 1752 when sparks were observed to jump from the iron rod during a thunderstorm. G. W. Richmann, a Swedish physicist working in Russia during July 1753, proved that thunderclouds contain electrical charge, and was killed when lightning struck him. Before Franklin accomplished his original experiment, he thought of a better way to prove his hypothesis through the use of a kite. The kite took the place of the iron rod, since it could reach a greater elevation and could be flown anywhere. During a Pennsylvania thunderstorm in 1752 the most famous kite in history flew with sparks jumping from a key tied to the bottom of damp kite string to an insulating silk ribbon tied to the knuckles of Franklins hand. Franklins grounded body provided a conducting path for the electrical currents responding to the strong electric field buildup in the storm clouds. In addition to showing that thunderstorms contain electricity, by measuring the sign of the charge delivered through the kiteapparatus, Franklin was able to infer that while the clouds were overhead, the lower part of the thunderstorm was generally negatively charged. Research continued at a steady pace until the late 1960s when lightning research became particularly active. This increased interest was motivated both by the danger of lightning to aerospace vehicles and solid state electronics used in computers and other devices as well as by the improved measurement and observational capabilities which were made possible by advancing technology. There are 2 major charecteristics in a storm:lightning and thunder.LIGHTNING- As the particles within a cloud (called hydrometeors) grow and interact, some become charged possible through collisions. It is thought that the smaller particles tend to acquire positive charge, while the larger particles acquire more negative charge. These particles tend to separate under the influences of updrafts and gravity until the upper portion of the cloud acquires a net positive charge and the lower portion of the cloud becomes negatively charged. This separation of charge produces enormous electrical potential both within the cloud and between the cloud and ground. This can amount to millions of volts, and eventually the electrical resistance in th e air breaks down and a flash begins. Lightning, then, is an electrical discharge between positive and negative regions of a thunderstorm. THUNDER-Sound is generated along the length of the lightning channel as the atmosphere is heated by the electrical discharge to the order of 20,000 degrees C (3 times the temperature of the surface of the sun). This compresses the surrounding clear air producing a shock wave, which then decays to an acoustic wave as it propagates away from the lightning channel. Although the flash and resulting thunder occur at essentially the same time, light travels at 186,000 miles in a second, almost a million times the speed of sound. Sound travels at the relatively snail pace of one-fifth of a mile in the same time. Thus the flash, if not obscured by clouds, is seen before the thunder is heard. By counting the seconds between the flash and the thunder and dividing by 5, an estimate of the distance to the strike (in miles) can be made. There are 2 differe nt types of lightning: CLOUD-TO-GROUND, and INTRA-CLOUD-LIGHTNING. .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 , .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 .postImageUrl , .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 , .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4:hover , .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4:visited , .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4:active { border:0!important; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4:active , .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4 .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u43984ccae8179d1b8062b29b622871d4:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Importance of Ethnic Culture Essay CLOUD-TO-GROUND LIGHTNING is the most damaging and dangerous form of lightning. Although not the most common type, it is the one which is best understood. Most flashes originate near the lower-negative charge center and deliver negative charge to Earth. However, an appreciable minority of flashes carry positive charge to Earth. These positive flashes often occur during the dissipating stage of a thunderstorms life. Positive flashes are also more common as a percentage of total ground strikes during the winter months. INTRA-CLOUD LIGHTNING is the most common type of discharge. This occurs between oppositely charged centers within the same cloud. Usually the process takes place within the cloud and looks from the outside of the cloud like a diffuse brightening which flickers. However, the flash may exit the boundary of the cloud and a bright channel, similar to a cloud-to-ground flash, can be visible for many miles. Details of why a discharge stays within a cloud or comes to ground ar e not understood. Perhaps a flash propagates toward the Earth when the electric field gradient in the lower regions of the cloud is stronger in the downward direction. Depending upon cloud height above ground and changes in electric field strength between cloud and Earth, the discharge stays within the cloud or makes direct contact with the Earth. If the field strength is highest in the lower regions of the cloud a downward flash may occur from cloud to Earth. From my research I have concluded that ligthning is a very important part of science andtechnologyWithout the discovery of electricity we would not have half the things we find necessary to live in our every day lives.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Was the Soviet Union Reformable free essay sample

The universal meaning of reform is not merely change, but change that betters people’s lives. † (Cohen, Stephen) In his book, Soviet Fates and Lost Alternatives, Steven Cohen addresses in details in chapter 4 about whether the Soviet Union was reformable. Following how Cohen views the NEP, the answer is that he believes that it was. He contends that the evidence that the opposition presents as to the unreformability of Russia is for the most part, evidentially wrong. Cohen’s reasons for believing that the Soviet Union was reformable was aided by the arguments that he wasn’t. It is in rebutting these arguments that Cohen attempts to establish facts about why the Soviet Union could have been saved. On the matter of â€Å"original sin† which proffers that the way the Soviet Union came to be was through illegitimately evil ways, and thus was made a forever â€Å"absolutely evil without redemptive alternative possibilities of development and thus too fatally flawed to be reformed. Cohen posits that if original sin disqualifies a political or economic system from redemption, how then did the once slave holding America eventually become a leading example of democracy? For over 20 years, the U. S held people captives, and believed it could get beyond that and still be considered a great world power. But Ronald Reagan was campaigning strongly against the USSR and deeming it unsalvageable only three years into Gorbachev’s reforms. A major interpretation by western media according to John D. Nagle is that postcommunism had â€Å"restored national independence†¦ and has given new hope to ethnic nationalities that want to restore or expand their political sovereignty†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Nagle 176. This could then prove, that the Soviet Union post-communism could have continued in the same stride to prolong the effects of the reforms meant to change it. The second commonly held view is that the end of the Soviet Union was proof its unreformability. Besides this argument being rather fallacious, it doesn’t help itself when it offers up alternatives that could have worked were different tactics employed. Cohen bucks this by asserting that coming up with points on how it could have been salvaged was proof then, that it was in fact, reformable. Since these arguments present the possibility of workable alternatives, the criticism of its unreformability due to inevitable doom is contradictory. In an interview with Aleksandr Yakoblev, a specialist in North American affairs who was sought by Gorbachev to be one of his closest political advisors explained that it had seemed was that all they had to do was to remove some faulty issues. They just had to free everything up and it would start to work. â€Å"There was a good engine there. It had gotten a bit old and rusty. It needed oil. Then just press the starter and it would all set off down the track. † I would have liked to see Cohen argue more distinctly between the Soviet system and the Soviet state. It could have been important to note that the demise of the former did not have to be accompanied by the end of the latter. It could be asserted that Cohen’s argument could be based on a minimalistic definition of the requirements for the survival of the â€Å"Soviet Union† and ignores the essential internalized and structural violence that was at the heart of the Soviet System. On the contrary, from the early years of the revolution the Soviet state modified itself to suit the needs of its government, ideology, and population. From creating war communism, to NEP, to five year plans, the destruction of Stalins cult of personality together with Khrushchevs reforms, a movement of what some label neo-Stalinism under Brezhnev, to a reform minded Gorbachev who instituted Glasnost and Peterstroika, considered by some to have been the most democratic period of recent history. Are these the actions of an unreformable empire? While Gorbachev’s leadership after being overtaken by Yeltsin â€Å"failed miserably,† it speaks only to his systems and not the reforms themselves because it is these reforms that is still being used to build the country that became Russia. The third argument is that the way of living and the system of government pre-Gorbachev’s reforms were set up mostly to benefit the bureaucratic nomenklatura who would have never have conceded to a reform that would limit or restrict their monopolistic hold on power. This assumption was not completely unfounded. According to Nagle, Gorbachev under the slogans of perestroika and glasnost, ended party control over significant aspects of cultural, social, and economic life in the soviet Union. â€Å"Yet, as long as the ruling party retained its political monopoly, these choices were still onsistent with the traditional or classic communist system† (Nagle 173). Cohen however explains that all of Gorbachev’s major political and economic reforms during the decisive period from 1985 to 1990 were introduced, discussed, and ratified in the highest communist nomenklatura assemblies – the Politburo, Central Committee, a national party conference, and two party congre sses. (Cohen, 464) He further explained that these parties and systems even voted to abolish the practice within their own denominations. It was division between these institutions, and the divisions between those of them that were in favor of the abolition and those who weren’t that worsened the bedrock of the system. The favorite argument of those who believe that the USSR was unreformable is that the SU was â€Å"mutually exclusive with democracy† and therefore could only die from it. Cohen asserts that since reform is actually gradual and takes time to develop, the attempts and trials of Gorbachev’s government between 1985 and 1987 were actually enough to prove that reform was in fact of possible for the Soviet Union. In his book, Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World, Gorbachev states: â€Å"More socialism means more democracy, openness and collectivism in everyday life, more culture and humanism in production, social and personal relations among the people, more dignity and respect for the individual†¦ We will proceed toward better socialism rather than away from it†¦ We want more socialism and therefore, more democracy. (Gorbachev 37). Failed attempts at reform does not prove the impossibility of reform. While Gorbachev’s leadership after being overtaken by Yeltsin miserably, it only speaks to his systems, not the reforms themselves because it is these reforms that is still used to build the country that is Russia.